#EngClass: Modal auxiliary

The modal auxiliaries (singular: auxiliary) mencakup can, may, might, could, would, will, shall, must, should, ought to, used to.

Modal auxiliary digunakan untuk menunjukkan seberapa yakin kita akan suatu hal. Secara umum, modal auxilliary dapat dibedakan menjadi 2 kelompok, yaitu stronger and weaker.

Stronger and weaker adalah modal ausxilliary yang di gunakan ketika saat kita berada dalam kondisi tidak mengetahui kebenaran akan suatu hal. Terdapat beberapa contoh kalimat untuk memperjelas kondisi tersebut yang menggunakan beberapa jenis modal auxiliary.

  • “It will be Ana,”
  • “It must be Ana,”
  • “It should be Ana,”
  • “It may be Ana,”
  • “It might be Ana,”
  • “It could be Ana,”
  • “It won’t be Ana,”
  • “It can’t be Ana,” atau
  • “It couldn’t be Ana.”

Jika respon diurutkan, kalimat yang pertama paling yakin dan yang terakhir paling tidak yakin.

Berikut ini adalah beberapa jenis modal auxiliary beserta arti dan contoh penggunaannya dalam kalimat.

  1. ‘Can’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “The news about him can be true.”
    • Ability. Contoh:
      • “I can play the piano well.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You can go now,” my mother said.
  2. ‘May’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It may rain tonight.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You may go now,” my mother said.
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • May your dreams come true.”
  3. ‘Might’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It might rain tonight.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “You might go now.” my mother said.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I might have won the game.”
  4. ‘Could’ memiliki arti:
    • Possibility. Contoh:
      • “It could rain tonight.”
    • Ability. Contoh:
      • “I could play the piano when I was six.”
    • Permission. Contoh:
      • “My mother said I could go.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I could have won the game.”
  5. ‘Would’ memiliki arti:
    • Habit. Contoh:
      • “When I was six, I would go to my parents’ room and sleep there.”
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I wish it would rain tonight.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • “It would rain tonight.”
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I would have won the game.”
  6. ‘Will’ memiliki arti:
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I hope it will be fine.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • “It will rain tonight.”
  7. ‘Shall’ memiliki arti:
    • Volition (or wish). Contoh:
      • “I hope it shall be fine.”
    • Prediction (or future). Contoh:
      • Shall we go now?”
  8. ‘Must’ memiliki arti:
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You must finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It must be Ana.”
  9. ‘Should’ memiliki arti:
    • Unreal meaning. Contoh:
      • “I should have won the game.”
    • Tentative meaning. Contoh:
      • Should there be a problem, call me.”
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You should finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It should be Ana.”
  10. ‘Ought to’ memiliki arti:
    • Obligation. Contoh:
      • “You ought to finish your work.”
    • Deduction. Contoh:
      • “It ought to be Ana.”
  11. ‘Used to’ memiliki arti:
    • Past state or habit. Contoh:
      • “When I was six, I used to go to my parents’ room and sleep there.”

 

Compiled and written by @EnglishTips4U for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, July 20, 2011

Related post(s):

^MD

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9 responses to “#EngClass: Modal auxiliary

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