#EngClass: preposition of time

Seperti yang pernah dibahas sebelumnya di #EngClass: Preposition. “preposition” adalah kata depan yang menghubungkan kata benda, kata ganti atau frase.

Seperti namanya, “preposition” menunjukkan “posisi” dan letaknya di sebelum (“pre”) keterangan “posisi” tersebut.

Prepositions umumnya ada 3 kelompok:

  • Preposition of time
  • Preposition of place
  • Preposition of direction/movement.

Kali ini kita bahas tentang preposition of time.

Preposition of time: at, on, in, by, till, until, up to, since, during, for, throughout.

(1) at – arti: “Di” – untuk menunjukkan waktu yang spesifik, jam.
Contoh: at 6pm, at midnight, at night, at lunchtime, etc.

(2) on – arti: “di” – untuk menunjukkan waktu yang lebih umum, tanggal atau hari.
Contoh: on Sunday, on Sundays, on Christmas Day, on my birthday, on 30th of November, etc.

(3) in – arti: “di” (dalam rentang waktu) – untuk menunjukkan waktu yang lebih luas seperti bulan, tahun, abad, periode.
Contoh: in May, in summer, in 2011, in the past, in the middle of a discussion, etc.

(4) by – arti: “paling lambat” – menunjukkan batas waktu terakhir, seperti deadline.
Contoh: by midnight (paling lambat pada saat tengah malam), by Monday (paling lambat pada hari Senin), by the end of the month (paling lambat pada akhir bulan), etc.

(5) until/till – arti: “hingga” – menunjukkan titik waktu terakhir secara spesifik.
Contoh: Until/till midnight, until/till next month, until 12 am, etc.

(6) up to – arti: “hingga” – digunakan sama seperti until/till, untuk menunjukkan waktu terakhir secara spesifik.
Contoh: up to May, up to the end of the show, etc.

(7) since – “sejak” – menunjukkan waktu spesifik saat mulainya sebuah kegiatan/proses.
Contoh: Since 2010, since a couple of days ago, etc.

(8) during – “selama durasi” – untuk menunjukkan jalannya waktu selama kegiatan/proses berlangsung. Contoh: during class, etc.

(9) for – “selama” – menunjukkan lama waktu berjalannya kegiatan/proses.
Contoh: for two days, for several years, etc.

(10) throughout – “selama”- menunjukkan proses yang terus berlangsung dari awal mulai smp akhirnya selesai.
Contoh: throughout the year

Dari penjelasan-penjelasan barusan, kira-kira preposition apa yang cocok untuk kalimat ini?

I have a meeting (preposition) 9am.
Answer: “at” I have a meeting at 9am.
at – menunjukkan waktu spesifik seperti jam.

Apple will launch a new product (preposition) December.
Answer: “in”. Apple will launch a new product in December.
in – menunjukkan waktu yang lebih umum/luas seperti bulan, tahun, abad.

Let’s do some exercise. Pilih preposition yang sesuai dengan kalimat-kalimat berikut. Jawab dalam kalimat lengkap dan jangan lupa nomor soal.

  1. What are you doing (at/in/on) the weekend?
  2. Maybe I’ll go to the cinema (at/in/on) Saturday.
  3. I haven’t been to the cinema (for/since) so many years.
  4. We could go there together (at/in/on) the afternoon.
  5. I would prefer to go there (at/in/on) the evening. I am visiting my mum(at/in/on) Saturday.
  6. The film starts (at/in/on) eight o’clock.
  7. I can pick you up (at/in/on) half past seven.
  8. It lasts (for/to/until) two hours and forty-five minutes.
  9. The class is from eight (for/past/till) a quarter to eleven.
  10. I have to be home (by/since/until) eleven o’clock.

ANSWER

  1. on
  2. on
  3. for
  4. in
  5. in, on
  6. at
  7. at
  8. for
  9. till
  10. by

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on November 30, 2011

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