#EngClass: Present Perfect Tense (negative and interrogative)

Hi, fellas! Kali ini kita bahas kelanjutan Present Perfect Tense yah. Sekarang ini kita bahas kalimat negative dan interrogative.

Sebelumnya sudah kita bahas bahwa Present Perfect Tense menunjukkan kegiatan/peristiwa yang SUDAH terjadi/berlalu.

Coba perhatikan kalimat-kalimat ini:

  • Kita SUDAH membahas Present Perfect positif. Kita BELUM membahas Present Perfect negatif.

Kesimpulan: bahwa lawan kata dari SUDAH adalah BELUM.

Kalimat negative Present Perfect Tense menyatakan sesuatu yang BELUM terjadi.

  • Contoh: Belum makan, belum pergi, belum ketemu, belum lihat, dll.

Dari banyak kata keterangan waktu Present Perfect Tense, kata keterangan waktu “yet” (belum) HANYA digunakan di kalimat negative dan kalimat interrogative.

Susunan kalimat negative Present Perfect:

S + have/has + not + V3.

Contoh: I haven’t met her lately. = Saya belum bertemu dengannya akhir-akhir ini.

Contoh 1: Saya belum menyelesaikan pekerjaan saya.

S = Saya – I; V1 = menyelesaikan – finish; V3 = finished; belum menyelesaikan = haven’t finished.

Jadi susunan yang benar = I have not (haven’t) finished my work. Arti: Saya belum menyelesaikan pekerjaan saya.

Atau bisa juga = I have not (haven’t) finished my work yet.

Coba buat kalimat berikut: Saya belum menonton Johnny English Reborn.

 Jawaban:I have not (haven’t) watched Johnny English Reborn (yet).

Lanjut! Selanjutnya kita bahas kalimat interrogative Present Perfect Tense.

Kalimat interrogative Present Perfect Tense menanyakan: Sudahkah? Sudah berapa kali kah? Sudah sejak kapan? Sudah pernah kah?, dll.

Susunan kalimat interrogative Present Perfect:

Have/Has + S + V3 + ?

Contoh: Have you met her lately? = Sudahkah kamu bertemu dengannya akhir-akhir ini?

Contoh 2: Saya sudah melewati toko itu 3 kali.

Kita bisa menanyakan 2 hal:

  • Sudahkan kamu melewati toko itu?
  • Sudah berapa kali kamu melewati toko itu?

Contoh 2(a): Sudahkan kamu melewati toko itu?

S= kamu – You; V1= melewati – pass; V3= passed.  

Jadi susunan yang benar = Have you passed that store?

Contoh 2(b): Sudah berapa kali kamu melewati toko itu?

Question word = berapa kali – how many times.

Jadi susunan yang benar = How many times have you passed that store?

Coba buat kalimat berikut: Sudahkah kamu menonton Thor?

Jawaban: Have you watched Thor?

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PRACTICE
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Ubah ke 5 kalimat ini menjadi: A) kalimat negative dan B) kalimat interrogative. Untuk kalimat interrogative, perhatikan apa yang hendak ditanyakan dalam tanda kurung. Dan jangan lupa cantumkan nomor soal, contoh: 1A atw 1B, dan jawab dalam kalimat lengkap. Ready?

  1. They have learned many new words. (Sudahkah?)
  2. She has known him for a long time. (Sudah berapa lama kah?)
  3. Sue has taken good care of her parents. (Sudah kah?)
  4. I have written three letters so far. (Sudah berapa banyak surat?)
  5. He has eaten since last night. (Sejak kapan kah?)

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ANSWER
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1A. They have not (haven’t) learned many new words.
1B. Have they learned many new words? (Sudah kah?)
2A. She has not (hasn’t) known him for a long time.
2B. How long has she known him? (Sudah berapa lama kah?)
3A. Sue has not (hasn’t)taken good care of her parents.
3B. Has she taken good care of her parents? (Sudah kah?)
4A. I have not (haven’t) written three letters so far.
4B.How many letters have you written so far? (Sudah berapa banyak surat?)
5A. He has not (hasn’t) eaten since last night.
5B. Since when has he eaten? (Sejak kapan kah?)

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on November 6, 2011

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